Turkey ratified the preferential trade agreement with Azerbaijan on Tuesday, according to a notice issued in the Official Gazette.
The deal was signed on Feb. 25, 2020, on the sidelines of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit to Azerbaijan’s capital Baku
Turkey and Azerbaijan’s bilateral trade volume was around $2 billion (TL 14.88 billion) last year, with Turkey’s exports totaling $1.7 billion and imports of $300 million, according to the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) data.
The volume has been following a steady upward trend in recent years. It amounted to some $1.57 billion in 2016 and increased to $1.71 billion in 2017 before reaching around $1.85 billion in 2018, according to the data. It exceeded $2 billion in 2019, of which Turkey’s exports totaled $1.64 billion and imports reached nearly $395 million.
Turkey’s main exports to Azerbaijan include machinery, mechanical appliances and construction materials.
The officials of the two countries last year said the eventual aim was to raise the trade volume to $15 billion by 2023, a goal that would be facilitated with the preferential trade agreement.
The agreement will allow quotas and customs taxes to be lifted on the trade of certain products.
As of 2019, Azerbaijan’s investments in Turkey have reached $17 billion, while Turkey’s investments have amounted to over $12 billion.
The State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) stands as one of the largest foreign direct investors in Turkey, as its investment will reach up to $19.5 billion once all its ongoing projects have been completed.
Turkey has over 20 free trade agreements currently. The country most recently signed a historical free trade deal with the United Kingdom.